Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Erzurum & the Bayram Festival Band!!

Photos by Jack Waldron
Pictured above, I am on the ferry from Lesbos, Greece to Ayvalic, Turkey . . . , destination, Erzurum in north eastern Turkey, for the Bayram Festival, winter skiing, ancient Ani and Van, and beyond.  Below, one of the many ancient medrese in Erzurum, this one in the central square of the city.

The mountain view from my new apartment near the train station is quite amazing, with a valley that spreads out over the plain for about 60 km.  Below, other sights around Erzurum.

Above, the view from the balcony of my apartment.  Below, the ceiling of a traditional Turkish building.  Below, David (teacher) and I sit in a fireplace of a traditional turkish house that has been converted into a multi-traditional-house tea and restaurant community.  The original lane between the old houses has been covered, and the houses that open on it turned into tea rooms.  This is a must visit when you come to Erzurum.

Sights and scenes of Erzurum, Turkey!!

As October arrived, the streets were slowed by the procession of cows, that began to occupy every courtyards around the city.  Bayram had arrived, indicated by the sales of butcher blocks along the streets.

The teachers were invited to a small village near Erzurum to take part in the festival sacrifice, and the distribution of meat throughout the community.  Above, we enjoy a traditional festival day breakfast in the family's house.  Below, a dung pile, used for heating during the winter.

Many many thousands of cattle are sacrificed across Turkey during the Bayram Festival . . . , the largest number of animal sacrifices occur in eastern Turkey.

Most families perform the butchering task by themselves (as seen here), while some hire a butcher to process the meat.  In the piture below, you can see another sacrifice taking place in the background . . . , there were many throughout the village.

Nothing from the cow is wasted . . . 

It's time to BBQ some of the meat and feast for the celebration . . . 
I'll be skiing on the mountains in the background of the picture below, beginning around mid-December, IF I survive the car drivers of Erzurum!!

*All photos and content property of Jack Waldron (photos may not be used without written permission)

Tuesday, October 22, 2013


Photos by Jack Waldron
The Naxians erected a colossal statue of Apollo as a kouros in the 7th century BC, known as The Colossus of the Naxians (above, bust left, mid-section right), was roughly four times larger than life-size, and stood on the great base (pictured below) along the northern wall of the Oikos of the Naxians.  The inscription on the eastern side of the base reads,"I am of the same piece of marble, both statue and base".  The inscription on the western side of the base reads,"the Naxians of Apollo".
Athenian general Nicias erected a bronze palm tree in the corner of the stoa (marble base pictured below).  The palm tree was blown down by a strong wind and knocked over the Colossus of the Naxians in antiquity.  In the model below, the Colossus of the Naxians can be seen in situ next to the Oikos of the Naxians, with the palm tree set in the corner of the stoa.

The terrace of the lions was erected by the Naxians in the 7th century BC.  Five of the lions survive, and there were probably between nine and sixteen in total.
The Temple of Isis (pictured above from the Dodecatheon, and from front, below).  Inscribed on the epistyle "the Demos of the Athenians to Isis".
Mt. Cynthus (above) with the Temple of Hercules in the lower left corner of the picture, and the Temple of Hercules pictured below.
Below, the Temple of Hera, in the Heraion.

Below, the Portico of Philip V.
The Letoon (pictured above).  Below, one of the fine examples of exedra around ancient Delos.
Finely sculpted column drums and temple fragments are scattered throughout the ancient site.
Statue of Hercules
The Koinon of the Poseidoniasts of Beirut (pictured above).  Below, House of the Lake.
Below, Architrave or Epistyle, bull Metopes, Triglyphs, Mutules and Guttae of a temple.
In the Stoa of Antigonos once stood a small temple dedicated to Dionysus, known as the Stoivadeion, it was adorned with monumental marble phallus statues.  On the front on the monument below is a scene of a cockerel whose head and neck are elongated into a phallus.
Below, a statue of Gaius Billienus in the Portico of Antigonos.
Above, the Palaestra of Granite.
The theater quarter is dominated by Roman style houses.
Pictured below are some fascinating frescos from one of the Roman houses on Delos.  These frescos are decorated with mysterious colorful abstract images that are extremely similar to fresco decorations in the House of Mysteries (the room of mysteries) at Pompei, and I will be working on a thesis that will attempt to link the two.

Below, Mykonos Town . . . the only port to ancient Delos for day trips.

*All photos and content property of Jack Waldron (photos may not be used without written permission)